Palms are a group of plants that evoke tropical regions and they are used in a number of different ways in landscapes. There are two main types of palm trees in Texas – fan palms and feather palms. Usually, palm trees are not hardy to winter, but there are a few natives that can withstand the climate changes in the area.
10 Popular Types of Palm Trees in Texas
1. Needle Palm
Needle palm is a short-statured fan palm that can easily withstand cold snaps that can occur in Texas. It originated from South California but is now regularly planted all over Texas. It has dark green- deeply cut leaves with needle-like projections at the base.
2. Windmill Palm
Windmill Palm is native to eastern and central China. Almost every tree service in Houston considers it as one of the best palm trees for Houston gardens and backyards. It grows as a single trunk, and it has a unique hairy appearance due to the mat of dark fibers covering it.
3. European Fan Palm
European palm has blue-green, fan-shaped leaves, making this palm very unique and favorite among Texans. It is cold hardy to 10 degrees, which is why it can grow easily in the area. However, it grows really slow and it may take some time for it to reach maturity.
4. Dwarf Palmetto
Dwarf palm varieties have become more popular in the area over the years. They are those types of palm trees in Texas that are very easy to grow, maintain, and plant. This particular dwarf is trunkless and has fan-shaped leaves on unarmed leaf stalks.
5. Cabbage Palmetto
Similar to dwarf palmetto, the “cabbage” variety has the same type of leaves. The only difference is that it produces a sturdy and large trunk that eventually grows very tall. It is very easy to transplant and experts say it is hardy to 10 degrees.
6. Fan Palm
The Mexican and California fan palms are 2 commonly available varieties. As you might suspect, the Mexican species are less hardy than the California ones. However, both of these are not hardy as other palms on this list, so bear that in mind if you decide to go for it.
7. Jelly Palm
The Jelly palm got its name because its fruit is sometimes used for making jellies. It is a pinnate-leaved, feather palm that’s native to South America. Jelly palm has long, curving leaf stalks with well-armored teeth and a very large, thick trunk. Give it some space when planting since it can get pretty large and wide.
8. Queen Palm
Queen palms have single trunks topped with bright and glossy pinnate leaves that droop softly in a graceful canopy. This is one of the best palm trees for Houston landscapes due to its beautiful ornamental looks. It can grow up to 50 feet in height and its trunk is straight and branchless.
9. Texas Sabal Palm
Texas sabal palm has fan-shaped leaves threaded along the margins. It produces purplish fruit in autumn that grows from its single trunk. This evergreen can get really tall if you provide the right conditions. The trunk is robust and stocky and arching leaf stems have no sharp spines like many other palms.
10. Mediterranean Fan Palm
Mediterranean fan palms have a very unique look, with multiple brown trunks of fibrous bark and triangular fan-shaped leaves. This European native can be planted in a group or as a single tree and will still do great. Depending on which region the palm originates from, leaves will be in a color palette of yellow-green, gray-green, or blue-green.